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Creating a new LDAP server with FreeIPA and configure to allow vSphere authentication

Was setting up a new FreeIPA sever for my homelab and found out that the default configuration in FreeIPA does not allow you to use VMware vSphere as a client as not being fully RFC4519 and missing some other LDAP class settings.

Lets go through the steps of setting up a new FreeIPA server. We are going to use the official ansible repositories and collection for this purpose.

For this article we have the following assumptions:

  • Ansible host in the same subnet with the server that needs to be set up with FreeIPA.
  • ssh connectivity without password (ssh key) to FreeIPA server
  • FreeIPA server with CentOS 7 at freeipa.cloudalbania.com with minimum 1 Gb memory and 8Gb disk space
  • you already have vCenter up and running

Preparing the Ansible host and FreeIPA repository

We are going to use the official ansible repository to install FreeIPA. On a host with ansible 2.9+ issue the following commands to install and setup initial FreeIPA server

Prepare the git repo and the inventory file
$ git clone https://github.com/freeipa/ansible-freeipa.git
$ cd ansible-freeipa
$ echo << EOF > inventory/my-freeipa-server
[ipaserver]
freeipa.cloudalbania.com

[ipaserver:vars]
ipaserver_domain=cloudalbania.com
ipaserver_realm=CLOUDALBANIA.COM
ipaadmin_password=<STRONG PASS>
ipadm_password=<STRONG PASS>
EOF
 
Install the ansible collections for freeIPA:

ansible-galaxy collection install freeipa.ansible_freeipa -p ./
Customize the ansible.cfg file:
$ cat ansible.cfg
[defaults]
host_key_checking = False
deprecation_warnings=False
collections_paths = ./
roles_path = ./roles
nocows=1

Installing FreeIPA

On the same directory of the ansible repo run the following to install the FreeIPA server:
$ ansible-playbook -u root -i inventory/my-freeipa-server playbooks/install-server.yml
After 3-4 minutes the server should be up and running
Check the installation on the server with the ipactl status command:

Finally login to your server at https://freeipa.cloudalbania.com with user admin@cloudalbania.com and the password we set in the ansible inventory

Main login screen

Main screen after login

Configure FreeIPA for RFC4519 and vSphere

The next steps are following as per this FreeIPA article to customize the directory schema for vSphere authentication.
$ echo << EOF > vsphere_usermod.ldif
dn: cn=users,cn=Schema Compatibility,cn=plugins,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: schema-compat-entry-attribute
schema-compat-entry-attribute: objectclass=inetOrgPerson
-
add: schema-compat-entry-attribute
schema-compat-entry-attribute: sn=%{sn}
-
EOF
$ echo << EOF > vsphere_groupmod.ldif
dn: cn=groups,cn=Schema Compatibility,cn=plugins,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: schema-compat-entry-attribute
schema-compat-entry-attribute: objectclass=groupOfUniqueNames
-
add: schema-compat-entry-attribute
schema-compat-entry-attribute: uniqueMember=%mregsub("%{member}","^(.*)accounts(.*)","%1compat%2")
-
EOF

Apply then with the following

$ ldapmodify -x -D "cn=Directory Manager" -f vsphere_usermod.ldif -W
and this
$ ldapmodify -x -D "cn=Directory Manager" -f vsphere_groupmod.ldif -W
Run following commands as admin to allow the new sn attribute for compat users and uniqueMember for compat groups:
# ipa permission-mod "System: Read User Compat Tree" --includedattrs sn
# ipa permission-mod "System: Read Group Compat Tree" --includedattrs uniquemember
In case you have and error running the above commands then issue from the console the following command to authenticate first:
$ kinit admin

Initial configuration for FreeIPA

At this point we need to create at least three resources in FreeIPA:
  1. A bind user that will be used to bind to the LDAP server, we are using bind-user@cloudalbania.com
  2. An end user, in this case bzanaj@cloudalbania.com
  3. Two LDAP groups that will be used to add our users to vcsa-admins and vcsa-readonly.
We are doing this in order to not add individual users permissions and rather manage permissions in our LDAP server.
Users in FreeIPA:
Groups:

Then add the users to the groups:

Configure vSphere Authentication for FreeIPA

In the vSphere GUI go in Admistration -> Single Sign On -> Configuration -> Identity Providers and then Add.

In the next screen enter the following details as shown in the screenshot below:

Note: I am not using a certificate to authenticate on the LDAP server as it is out of the scope of this article.

After you save this configuration and there are no errors then you can assign the groups in the

Permissions settings in Access Control

At the end we should see the following:

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